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Tanzania

General context of the country

An East African country, Tanzania is among the poorest countries in the world. It has more than 61 million inhabitants, approximately 70% of whom live in rural areas below the poverty line. The country has a high infant and child mortality rate due to the incidence of diarrheal diseases and parasite infestations that affect the digestive system of infants and children.

In 2012, the rate of access to drinking water in these regions was estimated at 53%.The Tanzanian government wants to extend access to drinking water in rural areas to 90% by 2025, but needs the help of foreign humanitarian associations to achieve this goal. The projects of our association are part of this approach.

Intervention zone

The country is divided into 26 regions, which are further divided into districts.

The Association operates in the Manyara region, in the Kiteto district.

The 4 projects carried out by Elewa Africa are located around Lengatei, a village in the middle of the African savannah away from everything. In the region, the inhabitants mainly belong to two ethnic groups: the Ngus, living in the village itself, and the Maasai, who live in bomas (groups of huts grouping together a family) in the surrounding forests.

Access to water is a permanent challenge in the region. Before our intervention, the inhabitants fetched water from open wells contaminated by micro-organisms causing recurrent health problems and subject to the vagaries of drought. Today, some communities can benefit from drinking water near their homes and no longer need to travel long distances to access this essential resource.

The Manyara region

Kiteto District

The village of Lengatei

Lengatei rouge.jpg

Geological configuration of the country

The geological configuration of the country does not allow the digging of wells (1.5 m in diameter, up to 20 m deep) and the installation of manual pumps.

 

In order to find water, it is necessary to drill boreholes which, dug with the help of machines and which can reach 200 m in depth, make the projects more difficult to carry out and more expensive.

In addition, given the depth of the boreholes drilled, the Association has chosen, for its projects, to install motorized pumps powered by solar panels and to build 30,000L water reservoirs in order to guarantee water during any cloudy days.

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